John Anthony Burgess Wilson, (25 February 1917 – 22 November 1993) was a talented English writer, composer, linguistic and critic who published under the pen name of Anthony Burgess. He is regarded as a significant literary figure of the twentieth century producing thirty-three novels, twenty-five works of non-fiction, two volumes of autobiography, as well as thousands of essays, articles and reviews. His musical achievements were considerable and he composed three symphonies and more than two hundred and fifty other musical works. A Clockwork Orange remains his best known novel which was adapted into a highly controversial film by Stanley Kubrick, in 1971. Burgess wrote librettos and screenplays, including for the 1977 TV mini-series Jesus of Nazareth. Born in Manchester he lived in Malaya, Malta, Monaco, Italy and the United States, among other places. His books are still widely collected internationally.