Sir William Golding CBE (19 September 1911 – 19 June 1993) was a British novelist, poet and playwright. He is best known for his first novel, The Lord of the Flies for which he won a Nobel Prize in Literature. Golding was also awarded the Booker Prize for literature in 1980 for his first book of his sea trilogy, Rites of Passage. He gained public recognition for his literature and was knighted by Elizabeth II in 1988. In addition, Golding was made a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and is recognised as a considerable figure in modern literature.